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SURVIVING GUN FILE (# 200|)
Version française

Belgium

Canon de 5.7 cm Maxim Nordenfelt M 1888

On mobile shielded carriage

Fortress artillery

Contributor :
Bernard Plumier      http://www.passioncompassion1418.com
     
     
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Location :
Belgium
Brussels
Musée Royal de l'Armée
Coordinates : Lat : 50.84560 / Long : 4.39230
General comments on this surviving gun :


Identical items in the same location : 1
Items covered by this file : 1

This rare 57 mm gun is presented in its mobile version with a shield, made to arm the forts infantry on the superstructures and intervals

Rear view

In this mobile version, these guns had no recoil recuperation system. Breech markings : 'Cockerill - Nordenfeld - 1898 - 5c7 - CAP - n°221 - 110'


Historic and technical information
Denomination :     5c7 M 1888 Origin :       ( Nordenfelt)             ( Cockerill )             ( Maxim )

Historic context :

In 1888, the British Nordenfelt company, established in France, proposed a small calibre quick firing gun directly inherited from the revolver gun concept. Belgium quickly showed its interest in it for the close defence of its new forts being built by the Général Brialmont. These guns were therefore incorporated in different roles and versions such as :

  • flanking gun on pivot in blockhouse for the close defense of the forts ditches,
  • retractable steel turrets ('GrusonWerk' or 'Marcinelle et Couillet') for 1 single barrel, located in the modern forts central massif for their close-range defense,
  • shielded mobile gun for accompaining the infantry defending the forts in the intervals or on their superstructure,
  • or even mounted on river boats or sea ships for their defence.
The Belgian '57 mm Nordenfelt' used to fire 2 types of ammunitions :
  • a 2.7 kg shell with a range up to 2700 m against targets such as assault ships and pontoons
  • a grape shot shell projecting 196 lead balls, and efficient against infantry up to a range of 300 m.
The Belgian Nordenfelt were often built under license, and tehy were often named with the brand 'Cockerill-Nordenfelt', or 'Maxim-Nordefelt'.

This polyvalent weapon also armed fishing ships during WW1. It was largely used by Germans who captured numerous such guns in Belgium fortresses and renamed them 'belg 5,7cm K' to use them as infantry guns under shielded cuppola or on pivot, in naval defence and later in their famous giant tanks 'A7V'.

Technical data :

  • Complete description : 5.7 cm gun Maxim Nordenfelt M 1888
  • Design year : 1888
  • Calibre : 57.00 mm
  • Weight in firing position : 400 kg on pivot - 34 tons with cupola - 193 kg tube only
  • Weight for transportation :
  • Tube length in calibres : 26.00
  • Grooves : 0 Unknown
  • Projectile weight : 2.7 kg (obus) - 3.6 kg (boîte à mitraille)
  • Initial speed : unknown
  • Fire rate : unknown
  • Range : 2700 m (shell) - 300 m (canister)
  • Elevation range : -17 / +13 degrees (pivot base) - -8 / +10 degrees (turret)
  • Direction range : 360 degrees (turret)


Sources
  • Atlas Belgische Versterkingen te Antwerpen, Luik en Namen (1859-1914)           Robert Gils                   Uitgeverij De Krijger   2001  
  • The Forts of the Meuse in World War 1 - Fortress       Claytonl Donnel       H Johnson       L Ray       Osprey Publishing   2007  
  • Vesting - Vestingartillerie       Robert Gils                   Simon Stevin Vlaams Vestingbouwkundig Centrum   2010  
  • Loncin, le fort héroïque       Fernand Moxhet       Fernand Gérard             Front de Sauvegarde du Fort de Loncin - Fernand Moxhet Editeur   2014  
  • Wikipedia http://fr.wikipedia.org/