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SURVIVING GUN FILE (# 1297)
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Belgium

Canon de 5.7 cm Maxim Nordenfelt M 1888

in GrusonWerke cupola

Fortress artillery

Contributor :
Bernard Plumier      http://www.passioncompassion1418.com
John's Military History      http://johnsmilitaryhistory.com/
     
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Location :
Belgium
Loncin
Fort
Coordinates : Lat : 50.67353 / Long : 5.49184
General comments on this surviving gun :


Identical items in the same location : 1
Items covered by this file : 1

The 5c7 turret of the Saliant 1 of the Fort de Loncin is the only one surviving in the world still having its barrel

It can be visited from the inside too, and its retractable mechanism is still working thanks to a nice restoration by the Rocourt Arsenal


Historic and technical information
Denomination :     5c7 M 1888 Origin :       ( Nordenfelt)             ( Cockerill )             ( Maxim )

Historic context :

In 1888, the British Nordenfelt company, established in France, proposed a small calibre quick firing gun directly inherited from the revolver gun concept. Belgium quickly showed its interest in it for the close defence of its new forts being built by the Général Brialmont. These guns were therefore incorporated in different roles and versions such as :

  • flanking gun on pivot in blockhouse for the close defense of the forts ditches,
  • retractable steel turrets ('GrusonWerk' or 'Marcinelle et Couillet') for 1 single barrel, located in the modern forts central massif for their close-range defense,
  • shielded mobile gun for accompaining the infantry defending the forts in the intervals or on their superstructure,
  • or even mounted on river boats or sea ships for their defence.
The Belgian '57 mm Nordenfelt' used to fire 2 types of ammunitions :
  • a 2.7 kg shell with a range up to 2700 m against targets such as assault ships and pontoons
  • a grape shot shell projecting 196 lead balls, and efficient against infantry up to a range of 300 m.
The Belgian Nordenfelt were often built under license, and tehy were often named with the brand 'Cockerill-Nordenfelt', or 'Maxim-Nordefelt'.

This polyvalent weapon also armed fishing ships during WW1. It was largely used by Germans who captured numerous such guns in Belgium fortresses and renamed them 'belg 5,7cm K' to use them as infantry guns under shielded cuppola or on pivot, in naval defence and later in their famous giant tanks 'A7V'.

Technical data :

  • Complete description : 5.7 cm gun Maxim Nordenfelt M 1888
  • Design year : 1888
  • Calibre : 57.00 mm
  • Weight in firing position : 400 kg on pivot - 34 tons with cupola - 193 kg tube only
  • Weight for transportation :
  • Tube length in calibres : 26.00
  • Grooves : 0 Unknown
  • Projectile weight : 2.7 kg (obus) - 3.6 kg (boîte à mitraille)
  • Initial speed : unknown
  • Fire rate : unknown
  • Range : 2700 m (shell) - 300 m (canister)
  • Elevation range : -17 / +13 degrees (pivot base) - -8 / +10 degrees (turret)
  • Direction range : 360 degrees (turret)


Sources
  • Atlas Belgische Versterkingen te Antwerpen, Luik en Namen (1859-1914)           Robert Gils                   Uitgeverij De Krijger   2001  
  • The Forts of the Meuse in World War 1 - Fortress       Claytonl Donnel       H Johnson       L Ray       Osprey Publishing   2007  
  • Vesting - Vestingartillerie       Robert Gils                   Simon Stevin Vlaams Vestingbouwkundig Centrum   2010  
  • Loncin, le fort héroïque       Fernand Moxhet       Fernand Gérard             Front de Sauvegarde du Fort de Loncin - Fernand Moxhet Editeur   2014  
  • Wikipedia http://fr.wikipedia.org/